This collection of sources details the capture of the Rose, a hired armed cutter sailing in the Royal Navy and taken by the Dutch on 13 October 1800.
One of many smaller vessels used for tasks such as reconnaissance, despatches, and escorting, the Rose was en route to join a convoy bound from Emden to England when she was boarded by the Dutch brig Voorzorg, stationed at Delfzijl on the river Emse. After a 10-minute engagement, the Rose was captured.
The documents further detail the treatment of the Rose’s crew as prisoners of war, the cutter’s assessment for prize money, and her eventual adoption into the Batavian Navy.
Documents regarding the Rose were recovered in April 1805, when Dutch officer Jan Nooij – who had served as lieutenant aboard the Voorzorg – was captured by English forces. They now form part of the National Archive’s collection of prize papers, used to assess the origin and value of captured ships.
The Rose documents provide an insight into the nature of inshore defence, and the vital role smaller vessels could play in protecting and interrupting trade. They are also a snapshot of how both men and ships were treated when captured by an enemy force.
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